android intent和intent action资料大全

泡在网上的日子 / 文 发表于2012-12-07 19:50 第次阅读 android,intent

1.Intent的用法:
 (1)用Action跳转
 1、使用Action跳转,如果有一个程序的AndroidManifest.xml中的某一个 Activity的IntentFilter段中 定义了包含了相同的Action那么这个Intent就与这个目标Action匹配。如果这个IntentFilter段中没有定义 Type,Category,那么这个 Activity就匹配了。但是如果手机中有两个以上的程序匹配,那么就会弹出一个对话可框来提示说明。
Action 的值在Android中有很多预定义,如果你想直接转到你自己定义的Intent接收者,你可以在接收者的IntentFilter 中加入一个自定义的Action值(同时要设定 Category值为"android.intent.category.DEFAULT"),在你的Intent中设定该值为Intent的 Action,就直接能跳转到你自己的Intent接收者中。因为这个Action在系统中是唯一的。
2,data/type,你可以用Uri 来做为data,比如Uri uri = Uri.parse(http://www.google.com);
Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);手机的Intent分发过程中,会根据http://www.google.com 的scheme判断出数据类型type 。手机的Brower则能匹配它,在Brower的Manifest.xml中的IntenFilter中 首先有ACTION_VIEW Action,也能处理http:的type,
3, 至于分类Category,一般不要去在Intent中设置它,如果你写Intent的接收者,就在Manifest.xml的Activity的 IntentFilter中包含android.category.DEFAULT,这样所有不设置 Category(Intent.addCategory(String c);)的Intent都会与这个Category匹配。
4,extras(附 加信息),是其它所有附加信息的集合。使用extras可以为组件提供扩展信息,比如,如果要执行“发送电子邮件”这个动 作,可以将电子邮件的标题、正文等保存在extras里,传给电子邮件发送组件。
(2)用类名跳转
 Intent负责对应用中一次操作的动作、动作涉及数据、附加数据进行描 述,Android则根据此Intent的描述, 负责找到对应的组件,将 Intent传递给调用的组件,并完成组件的调用。Intent在这里起着实现调用者与被调用者之间的解耦作用。Intent传递过程中,要找 到目标消费者(另一个Activity,IntentReceiver或Service),也就是Intent的响 应者。
 
Intent intent =newIntent();    
intent.setClass(context, targetActivy.class);    
//或者直接用 Intent intent = new Intent(context, targetActivity.class);    
startActivity(intent);
不过注意用类名跳转,需要在AndroidManifest.xml中申明activity
<activity android:name="targetActivity"></activity>

 

 

2.几种Intent的用法
 
android 中intent是经常要用到的。不管是页面牵转,还是传递数据,或是调用外部程序,系统功能都要用到intent。在做了一些intent的例子之后,整理了一下intent,希望对大家有用。由于intent内容太多,不可能真的写全,难免会有遗落,以后我会随时更新。如果你们有疑问或新的intent内容,希望交流。

intent大全:
1.从google搜索内容
Intent intent = new Intent();     
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);     
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,"searchString")     
startActivity(intent);
2.浏览网页
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.google.com");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);     
startActivity(it);

3.显示地图
Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:38.899533,-77.036476");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);     
startActivity(it);

4.路径规划
Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);     
startActivity(it);
5.拨打电话
Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:xxxxxx");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);     
startActivity(it);

6.调用发短信的程序
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);     
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");     
it.setType("vnd.android-dir/mms-sms");     
startActivity(it);

7.发送短信
Uri uri = Uri.parse("smsto:0800000123");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);     
it.putExtra("sms_body", "The SMS text");     
startActivity(it);     
String body="this is sms demo";     
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", number, null));     
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);     
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);     
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);     
startActivity(mmsintent);
8.发送彩信
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
it.putExtra("sms_body", "some text");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);     
it.setType("image/png");     
startActivity(it);     
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();     
sb.append("file://");     
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());     
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("mmsto", number, null));     
// Below extra datas are all optional.     
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);     
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);     
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());     
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);     
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);     
startActivity(intent);

9.发送Email
Uri uri = Uri.parse("mailto:xxx@abc.com");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);     
startActivity(it);     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, "me@abc.com");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");     
it.setType("text/plain");     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));     
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
String[] tos={"me@abc.com"};     
String[] ccs={"you@abc.com"};     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "The email body text");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");     
it.setType("message/rfc822");     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3");     
sendIntent.setType("audio/mp3");     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, "Choose Email Client"));
10.播放多媒体
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);     
Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/song.mp3");     
it.setDataAndType(uri, "audio/mp3");     
startActivity(it);     
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, "1");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);     
startActivity(it);
11.uninstall apk
Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", strPackageName, null);     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);     
startActivity(it);
12.install apk
Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);     
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);
13. 打开照相机
<1>   
Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);     
this.sendBroadcast(i);    
<2>   
long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();     
String name = createName(dateTaken) + ".jpg";     
fileName = folder + name;     
ContentValues values = new ContentValues();     
values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);     
values.put("_data", fileName);     
values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);     
values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);     
values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);     
values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);     
Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(     
MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);     
Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);     
inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);     
startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);
14.从gallery选取图片
Intent i = new Intent();     
i.setType("image/*");     
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);     
startActivityForResult(i, 11);

15. 打开录音机
Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);     
startActivity(mi);

16.显示应用详细列表
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);     
startActivity(it);     
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID     
//by clicking on your application on Market home     
//page, and notice the ID from the address bar

刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=<packagename>");
这个简单多了

17寻找应用
Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);     
startActivity(it);     
//where pkg_name is the full package path for an application

18打开联系人列表
<1>     
Intent i = new Intent();     
i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);     
i.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/phone");     
startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);     
<2>     
Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://contacts/people");     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);     
startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);
19 打开另一程序
Intent i = new Intent();     
ComponentName cn = new ComponentName("com.yellowbook.android2",     
"com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch");     
i.setComponent(cn);     
i.setAction("android.intent.action.MAIN");     
startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);
20.调用系统编辑添加联系人(高版本SDK有效):
Intent it = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);    
it.setType("vnd.android.cursor.item/contact");    
//it.setType(Contacts.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);    
it.putExtra("name","myName");    
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.COMPANY, "organization");    
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL,"email");    
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE,"homePhone");    
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.SECONDARY_PHONE,    
"mobilePhone");    
it.putExtra( android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.TERTIARY_PHONE,    
"workPhone");    
it.putExtra(android.provider.Contacts.Intents.Insert.JOB_TITLE,"title");    
startActivity(it);

21.调用系统编辑添加联系人(全有效):
Intent intent = newIntent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);    
intent.setType(People.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);    
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.NAME, "My Name");    
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE, "+1234567890");    
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE,Contacts.PhonesColumns.TYPE_MOBILE);    
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL, "com@com.com");    
intent.putExtra(Contacts.Intents.Insert.EMAIL_TYPE, Contacts.ContactMethodsColumns.TYPE_WORK);    
startActivity(intent);


 
 
intent action大全
  • android.intent.action.ALL_APPS

  • android.intent.action.ANSWER

  • android.intent.action.ATTACH_DATA

  • android.intent.action.BUG_REPORT

  • android.intent.action.CALL

  • android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON

  • android.intent.action.CHOOSER

  • android.intent.action.CREATE_LIVE_FOLDER

  • android.intent.action.CREATE_SHORTCUT

  • android.intent.action.DELETE

  • android.intent.action.DIAL

  • android.intent.action.EDIT

  • android.intent.action.GET_CONTENT

  • android.intent.action.INSERT

  • android.intent.action.INSERT_OR_EDIT

  • android.intent.action.MAIN

  • android.intent.action.MEDIA_SEARCH

  • android.intent.action.PICK

  • android.intent.action.PICK_ACTIVITY

  • android.intent.action.RINGTONE_PICKER

  • android.intent.action.RUN

  • android.intent.action.SEARCH

  • android.intent.action.SEARCH_LONG_PRESS

  • android.intent.action.SEND

  • android.intent.action.SENDTO

  • android.intent.action.SET_WALLPAPER

  • android.intent.action.SYNC

  • android.intent.action.SYSTEM_TUTORIAL

  • android.intent.action.VIEW

  • android.intent.action.VOICE_COMMAND

  • android.intent.action.WEB_SEARCH

  • android.net.wifi.PICK_WIFI_NETWORK

  • android.settings.AIRPLANE_MODE_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.APN_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.APPLICATION_DEVELOPMENT_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.APPLICATION_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.BLUETOOTH_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.DATA_ROAMING_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.DATE_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.DISPLAY_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.INPUT_METHOD_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.INTERNAL_STORAGE_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.LOCALE_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.MANAGE_APPLICATIONS_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.MEMORY_CARD_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.NETWORK_OPERATOR_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.QUICK_LAUNCH_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.SECURITY_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.SETTINGS

  • android.settings.SOUND_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.SYNC_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.USER_DICTIONARY_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.WIFI_IP_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.WIFI_SETTINGS

  • android.settings.WIRELESS_SETTINGS

 

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